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Raising poultry without a college certificate
The Success Story of Bony

English | Swahili
Article by: Jensen Tom | 14 august 2018
On a few occasions you would hear about a university graduate that was motivated to do poultry and felt proud of it. And this is the case of a young Tanzanian, Boniface Buchanagandi aged 26, a poultry farming entrepreneur from Malagarasi village located at Kibondo district in Kigoma region. Famously known as Bony, he is a holder of a Bachelor's degree in Procurement and Logistics management from the Institute of Accountancy Arusha (IAA). Bony's family lives in Arusha and after graduation in 2015 he was keen on finding a job and starting to build up his future - a normal ambition for any Tanzanian youth representative. After almost two years without formal employment he did not give up his goal to get employed but decided that it was time to start any small entrepreneurial project to gain experience and learn to overcome challenges.

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How he started and how he operates
· Capital and poultry type
Boniface decided to move to Kigoma, where another home for his family is located, and here, with a capital of TZS 400,000, he started a project which he named Kigoma Poultry Farm. He used almost 80% of his capital to buy the first 200 chickens for the farm and the rest was spent on the food for chicks. The poultry house was already in place. Bony has chosen to raise a hybrid type of poultry - a breed from a mix of indigenous and modern chicken. Currently Boniface is having 210 chickens (140 hens and 70 roosters). Since starting he has managed a flock of over 600 chickens.

Law and support
Bony explained that the law currently obligates poultry farmers who supply chicken met to get authorization that the meat is safe for consumption. Currently Bony is selling live chicken therefore this is not a part of his concerns. Bony emphasized the importance of forming groups or being part of a group as it is currently the easiest way to obtain support. He is part of a youth group, which is running a separate poultry project and currently they have about 500 chickens. Their group is registered and receives support from the government through a youth funding provided in district municipals

Challenges
"Apart from capital, the biggest challenge for a poultry farmer is diseases'' - Bony says. He added, "If you are not careful as a farmer you will suffer losses. Which is why education on diseases, vaccination and medication should go together." Where Bony works there is a challenge in accessing education, vaccinations and medications. Apart from visiting fairs that occur only twice a year, Bony uses internet as his educational source by gaining information from poultry pages online. This is a challenge that most of poultry farmers in village areas face, as livestock veterinaries and services are very few or none. There are diseases caused by viruses, bacteria and lack of nutrition. Bony also emphasizes that there are untreatable virus diseases such as "Newcastle" disease, fowl pox and "bursar" disease that's why one needs education of vaccination in order to minimize losses. Read more on the poultry diseases here

Sells and market
Eggs
Hybrid chicken start laying eggs on the age from 4 ½ months to 5 months, which is 20 weeks. They keep on laying eggs until they are 2 years old. One hen can produce an average from 150 to 200 eggs per year: that is from 12 to 16 eggs per month. An egg could be sold at an average price of tshs 300. So one chicken monthly generates from tshs 3,600 to tshs 4,800 of profit. The monthly costs of maintenance of one chicken is 2000. Thereby after all costs, the net monthly profit for a single egg laying hen is between tshs 1,600 and tshs 2,800. At a certain time Bony had 300 egg laying hens, consequently he is able to make an average profit of tshs 600,000.

Meat
Bony supplies live chicken. On the market, a matured hen past egg production lifespan is sold around tshs 12,000-18,000 depending on weight or seasonal demands. Roosters could be sold for a price from tshs 9,000 to tshs25,000 depending on age, weight and seasonality as well.

Currently Bony supplies his eggs and chicken to shops, markets and wholesale buyers who visit his farm.

Do you have a question or comment on poultry farming techniques and making profit? Write us below

Future plans

"Currently I am still not thinking of employment as I see a successful path ahead" - Bony comments. After the experiences he got, Bony plans to diversify to a new project where he will raise Layers, a modern chicken breed for eggs. Layers have a larger egg production capacity where one layer can produce an average from 200 to 300 eggs per year. This numbers are very promising compared to 150-200 eggs per year from the hybrid hens.

In addition, Bony plans to expand his supply base to restaurants, hotels and supermarkets. This is because he will have a bigger project and will be able to supply with a larger capacity.
Advice to poultry farmers
Want to contact Bony?

Boniface Buchanagandi:

Mobile Phone : 0762450000 or 0713209888
Email : buchanagandi12@gmail.com
Instagram : Kigoma Poultry Farm
Facebook : Kigoma Poultry Farm
"If you are not having capital, the easiest way is to form a group and a work plan. It is easier to access loans or raise funds from the group by starting a VIKOBA: group, which can act as a financial subject for the project. Personally you can start on a small-scale and slowly move to large scale. If you decide to get some knowledge and education a capital of tshs 200,000 is enough to start a poultry project." He also added: "The most important aspect is eliminating fear of risk. You should just start and you will see things move."

Bony invites you to communicate with him to discuss your questions on hybrid chicken or indigenous chicken. Moreover, if you happen to be in Kigoma, he encourages you to visit him for he will be more than happy to show you his farm.
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